Flight to Nice
In Freyr we free 110m Love Me Tender + Pull Marine and 85m Samarkande + Les Tourtereaux (L3-L4). A multipitchteam sees the light. And there is projecting too: a day later I send Toit de Glucose in Roiseu when once Ben belays. And.. Ben submits another two groundbreaking research papers (succesfully it proves later) calling for a celebration.
Right: Les Tourtereaux L3.
The great summer in Belgium becomes autumn. The steaming hot tourist apocalypse in the south ends. We know a way to celebrate the papers.
Late thursday night. Lo and behold as an Airbus A320 alights amidst the lights of the French rivièra.    Me and Ben jump out of the plane and proceed ** the masterplan ** in which La Côte d'Azur will bring us to legendary canyons.
The next morning we stand at the edge of the cliffs closeby Belvédère de la Carelle in the Gorges du Verdon. Below, plumes of mist rise as clouds don't know which way to shoot up in the canyon cauldron. Griffon vultures glide past, a bit later skimming over from behind my back, guarding the wall, not at all bothered or scared by these little slender two-legged creatures.
I vouch for the abseils down to a hanging forest, inaccessible in any other way. Multipitch number one, Eperon Sublime (Luna Bong), obviously dates from the era (1970) when it was deemed heroic to traverse footless by campusing on slopers and aid gear, with rope drag heavier to pull than your own weight. There's only one way out. You do or you do not, there's no try.
Next day, at Malines, we find cliffs which are not pictured anywhere. For the first time we see dramatic straight-up walls with ridges, hundreds of meters high, overhanging the river. The sunny other side of the hurtling stream is gentler and allows for comfortable climbing in Arête du Belvédère, which is less tricky than the preceding exhilarating approach that is the only way down to the torrent.
Day 3 (Sunday) we abseil into a balcony jungle to climb one of the multipitches on the Dalles Grises wall. We plan to start with four 6a+ pitches in Atout Cœur. The second pitch I lead. Ben stays after with the topo while Verdon shows why it's famous for phantom bolt lines (to understand this, read history below).
In the incoherency I consult Ben, who is belaying around a corner way down, having the backpack with the full topo. I have to go right? I unknowingly lead an airy delicate link-up to another line, a 6a that Ben then leads thinking it's the 6a+ of the initial line. Then I start in what we think is the fourth 6a+ ("oh I'll leave your backpack with the topo, thermoses – and a few bricks I guess – on for this, less hassle")...
..but which is actually a way higher graded "déroutant et obligatoire" (confusing and spatiously bolted rock you can only free climb) "passaggio sconcertante". Via Dingomaniaque I end up in the crux pitch of sandbagged Démon: zeven a obligé. "Your 6a's have big feet while mine... I think this is not my style?!"... I'm dangling off the big rock face with the backpack... "There is climbing between the bolts" camptocamp remarks. You know what they say.. If there are no bolts, you'll have to be bold yourself.
This lunacy is enough to make Rambo cry like a baby.
Then Ben comes after and narrowly — with two fingers of each hand laybacking on a little sloping dent, with his right foot aiming wide at head's height — sends this pitch which is more demanding than its French grade suggests. We end with Cœur de Verre, that way opening the new multipitchcombi Sac à Cochon. Bye Gorges du Verdon. After three days of ultrafocus we prepare to return to our jobs. To the Gorges du Loup! I'm afraid of French people, in cars. But drive.
Later. We are amidst a wild water canyon. It thunders down steep overgrown flanks. Higher up the jungle valley, two hundred meter of abandoned ruined road lingers on a high overhanging rock. Rockfall smashed the blacktop. Bushes take over. This is what apocalypse would look like. On top of that the village has an abandoned fancy hotel mouldering away. A bit further a factory. Wouldn't guess we're 30 carminutes from Nice' airport sticking out of Côte d'Azur. We warm-up in the Hermitage sector. This.. is... incredible..:
After an engaging approach we come on to pristine solid limestone which seems unclimbed, with logic lines mostly in the sixth grades, and feet to put on the most subtle and surprising features with a friction to rival sandstone. Every route.. a thousand stars.. UKClimbing agrees.
We go to the ultrafamous Mesa Verde sector in the midst of the jungle of waterfalls, though only 15 minutes walking from the Pont Du Loup village. The crag is known for its seventh grades.. Here there's more polish but it doesn't matter thanks to the outspoken features. We will meet the seemingly only climbers of this long weekend, two locals.
Me and Ben both send Hopi Birthday and Pas de bras, pas de chocolat first go. We discover that the Loup's flow also brings to several multipitches. Verdon, I am really curious for a few other grandes voies like La Demande, Tarabiscotage, Massacre, Pincée de Ketchup, Rêve de Fer, Surveiller et Punir, Pichenibule, Tandem pour L'Evidence, Gueule d'Amour, Durandal, L'Ange en Décomposition, l'Encatête, and single pitches Eve Line, Aquarelle, Et le Temps Cessa D'exister and Série limitée, but now rather Gorges Du Loup has me hooked.
* Climbing tales accompanied by random history to situate Dingomaniaque as a milestone:
* Climbing tales accompanied by random history to situate Dingomaniaque as a milestone:
1865: Several local guides and/or British mountaineers have worked a way up the highest peaks in Europe looking for the least severe route (normal route). Matterhorn is yet unclimbed, though Italian guide Jean-Antoine Carrel and British Edward Whymper each undertook a multitude of noteworthy explorations and attempts. Now, in July, Whymper and Carrel will climb together, they cancel, then the stories diverge. Anyway, it escalates into a race. Whymper bets on the Hörnli ridge while the Italian guide sticks with the Lion ridge.
Both will succeed to reach the top with their party. But it is Whymper's descent that will make it in the newspapers. This because of one step of a British guide in the team. It happens when they're descending the Hörnli ridge (side of the famous Matterhorn view) for one hour. Each man carefully in turn puts a foot downward.
The guide slips. He bumps into the climber beneath him making him in turn bump into the next. The pull on the higher remaining three is sudden and mean. But the downward shock is catched around a block by mountain guide Taugwalder senior, saving Taugwalder junior and Whymper. The three try to keep up the four down. The not-so-dynamic manila rope snaps. None of the four is seen again.
It will haunt them and their careers for years to come. It instantly ruins Taugwalder's guiding career. In the next 100 years, partly as a result of her popularity, Matterhorn will swallow more than 500 other lives on her flanks (According to Wikipedia Ueli Steck today holds a speed record up the mountain, but actually that's Dani Arnald according to the sponsored media.. well anyway, the interesting ascents are not automatically the mediatized ones). Carrel will guide lots of mountaineers safe up and down the Cervino. Whymper is not a mountain guide but makes his living as an artist, the job that initially brought him to the Alps. Now he starts a book on his mediatized ascent: Scrambles amongst the Alps.
Despite the mediatized rivalry, Whymper and Carrel undiminishedly join forces to explore the mountains in team upon times. Whymper designs a tent that will inspire models for at least 100 years to come. He is the first to dare his way up to one of the most daunting tops on the ridge of Les Grandes Jorasses, one year later he finds his own way up Barre des Ecrins and Aiguille d'Argentière. He also climbs together with Horace Walker.
1876: In an emergency situation Chamonix guide Jean-Esteril Charlet invents a rappel with a double rope. The technique will make him and partner-in-crime Isabella Straton in January 1876 more confident to scramble up Mont Blanc IN WINTER. Together they finish several other first ascents, without someone to tell or write them it is possible. After twenty years they marry and take each other's name and they will have two sons. One dies in 1915 in World War I, send out to fight someone or -thing.
1910: 18-year old mountaineer Hans Dülfer invents the Dülfersitz rappel. It may not compare yet to the comfortable hang-all-day abseil techniques that develop in the 1970's and which we inherit, but it is a big step forward. Hans finds routes to many tops and is known for often solving sequences by layback climbing. In Belgium this technique is still commonly referred to as dulferen. Around his 23th birthday, may 1915, Hans Dülfer is send out to fight some people he has nothing to do with at the Second Battle of Artois (so the story goes). He is at the other side as Estrel's son. Near Arras, close to the Belgian border and far from his Dolomites he is killed. Two years later 283.000 men will die on a war front of which then the position is barely different.
1927: The first rock drill and expansion bolts;
45 years after the route was opened.
Right: Unknown climbers on the Aiguille de Rochefort ridge, with Dent du Géant on the back.
1935: Bleausard Pierre Alain creates a soft-soled climbing shoe. Sticky rubber climbing shoes will only way later be developed, in 1975 by Spanish climber Miguel Gallego cooperating with shoemaker Jesus Garcia Lopez in Villena on the Costa Blanca, commercialised by 1979, and imported in the US (by Bachar) in 1983;
1946: After some working out René Ferlet and Pierre Alain solve a climbing problem as they top out a boulder in Fontainebleau. At the moment it stands out to all other solved problems known in the climbing world. Marie-Rose. Of course bouldering history happens on many places and was already practiced by alpinists venturing into the Himalayas;
The UK's navy makes dynamic ropes and some people finetune this for climbing, adding a protection mantle. New possibilities of climbing are celebrated in the Belgian Ardennes (Freyr, Chaleux (Hulsonniaux), Sy, Mozet (which was very early bought by mountaineer, inventor, Einstein et al. physics congress sponsor Ernest Solvay,...)), in Le Saussois in Burgundy and in the Calanques. On top of that, soon after, the steel carabiner will be replaced by lightweight aluminium carabiners;
1951: 21-year old Bonatti baffles the climbing world by working a 350m way up Le Grand Capucin by its most daunting face sticking out of the ice and snow between Chamonix's sharp mountaintops, he uses all kinds of gear and aids on it if possible, today the Bonatti-Ghigo route can even be free climbed wholly (so-called 7a although that doesn't really grasp the difficulty as it cannot be compared to straightforward nicely bolted single pitch sport climbs);
1955: Boulderer John Gill introduces chalk;
1968: It's the year of May '68, marking a cultural change in the Western world. Protests in Paris show how a large part of the youth does not take the status quo of their parents and older generations. In Leuven, students take over the library and barricade the doors from the police with books. The University of Leuven becomes Dutch, the French will go 30km south. Many clubs, like the mountain club, are founded. A music scene surges in Leuven. In February 1968 already, musicians have Pink Floyd over in de Rijschoolstraat, long before they're famous. In the next months albums will be released like The Beatles' Abbey Road, Nick Drake's Five Leaves Left, Led Zeppelin's self-titled debut, David Bowie's self-titled second album after his complete flop, Rolling Stones' Let It Bleed, in Canada Joni Mitchell's Clouds, Neil Young's Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere, CSN&Y's Déjà Vu, The Band's debut, in the USA Big Brother and the Holding Company's Cheap Thrills (Janis Joplin), Deep Purple in Rock,..
1968: Climbing lengths without aiding on gear, i.e. free climbing, already happened despite what many sources may say (e.g. in the Elbsandstein where the lithology barely allows artif (= aid) climbing). Going free has been a steady evolution driven by diverse climbers, it's not a revolution of one celebrated pioneer. In 1968 free climbing systematically starts to be taken to new difficulties in high climbing lines, to an integral non-aid approach, while obsolete gear is being removed simultaneously in Yosemite (aid climber, surfer.. Jim 'Bird' Bridwell and the stonemasters), Freyr (Claudio Barbier), Buoux,...;
1973: In Yosemite climber Yvon Chouinard realises he's making money on forging and selling (by John Salathé improved) pitons which damage the rock so he starts to develop and commercialise the disposable now so-called trad gear (while also seriously optimalising ice climbing gear), although Abalakov already in the 1930's invented camming devices for his own mountaineering (along with his famous ice climbing screw method) and (based on the 1973 cam nut from Greg Lowe) it was an aerospace engineer, a Yosemite climber, Ray Jardine, who by 1978 in a scientific way came up with ingenious 'friends' camming devices (read the story of the first cams, and a climbing partner of Jardine founding Wild Country)... plus Royal Robbins posing the idea of clean trad gear climbing (where possible). In the seventh grade steadily routes were opened.
...though this untraditional way of giving a route to the rock sparks controversy. After a visit to Europe Ron Kauk takes the top down ethos to Yosemite's Camp 4 where Ron gets caught up in a fist fight with John Bachar (Article on Bachar and things like him offering 10.000$ to who could follow him free-soloing for a day.. No one.. He knew.. Nonetheless.. not in the article.. in 1979 Bachar himself refused to climb any longer with Jim 'The Bird' Bridwell after Jim's self-sacrifice to the climbing gods on a first alpine-style ascent of the Fitz Roy (aforementioned Bleausard Poincenot died in the Fitz river during an approach in January 1952), something deemed impossible by even Walter Bonatti, but now done in a storm, from which he miraculously returned in one piece). In the US it will take five more years 'till Alan Watts is the first one there to abseil down (instead of adventurously open down-up) to open smashingly hard lines, exploring long subtle faces in Smith Rock;
1991: Wolfgang Güllich had been on the forefront (together with the aforementioned Kurt Albert (see 1973), Jerry Moffat, Ben Moon, unknown Freyr warrior Arnould 't Kint..) of taking sports climbing from dreaming from 8a in 1980 to 8c+ to the end of the 1980's. Then in 1991 Wolfgang sends Action Directe in Frankenjura, Germany. The route is remarkably of a distinctive unknown difficulty and the ninth French grade is proposed. Today the repeat list of this climb, despite popular interest, is still very limited. A year after Wolfgang Güllich, Alexander Huber, sends OM which will later by the climbing community be brought down to 8c+..
One year later Fred Nicole sends Bain de Sang in Swiss Pompaples. Another year later Alexander Huber sends La Rambla in Siurana, Spain and Weisse Rose in Schleierwasserfall, Austria. In the latter, two years later, he will send Open Air, later generally considered as 9a+ instead of 9a. In the meantime in 1995 and 1997 French Fred Rouhling also appears on the scene sending unseen hard lengthy boulder problems (article on the controversial and perhaps misunderstood Fred), but – in his remote obscure town near Bordeaux – not many climbers go try his problem and can confirm. It is until 2001 that Chris Sharma sends the immediately confirmed 9a+ Biographie in Céüse and until 2012 that a woman, Josune Bereziartu, climbs 9a (aforementioned Sang du Loup). In 2013 Belgian Murielle Sarkany is the fourth woman to climb a 9a-grade route and by 2015 Belgian Anak Verhoeven is the ninth girl. Recently Anak climbed a 9a+ and then opened a new 9a+. Meanwhile sport climbing grades have expanded to 9b+ with one 9c, with the recent female ascent of 9b by Angela Eiter.
1993: In 31 pitches Lynn Hill (after removing another aid piton in her way) manages to free climb the integral Nose line on El Capitan in Yosemite, something which was considered far too hard 'till then to be possible for any man or woman. A bit later she did it again but within one day. 'Till today the 31-pitch monster has only known 2 full free lead repeats, one of which is by Tommy Caldwell, the climber who over the course of two years (2014) found on El Capitan an impossible line on The Dawn Wall (aka the unclimbed eastface of El Cap).